Ramadaniyat 19: Eid Prep, Compilation of the Quran (cont’d), The Spirit of Fasting

Narrated Anas (bin Malik) (May Allah Be Pleased with him):

Allah’s Messenger (May Allah’s Blessings and Salutations be upon him) never proceeded (for prayer) on the day of Fitr unless he had eaten some dates.

Anas also narrated:

And he ate an odd number of them.

[Bukhari narrated it.]



I read your article about the compilation of the Qur’an. May I seek further clarification about the arrangement of verses in a long surah? For example, Surah 2 contains 286 verses and tackles many subjects. How was it arranged and why does it have the title, Al-Baqarah? (Nawaz)


The arrangement of the Qur’anic verses is part of the revelation of the Qur’an. It is true that many surahs were not revealed on the same occasion. Indeed the Prophet(peace be upon him) used to receive revelations from different surahs during the same period. None of these surahs would have been completed yet, as some passages were initially revealed to deal with certain occasions and events. For example, 60 verses in Surah 3 comment on the events of the Battle of Uhud. Its other parts, comprising 140 verses, deal with other subjects and were not revealed on the same occasion. Nor was a surah necessarily revealed in its final order. Some later passages might be revealed before earlier ones. The final arrangement was determined by God. When the Angel Gabriel brought the Prophet a passage or a verse, he told him its position in its surah. He would say to him: “This goes after verse so and so in such and such surah.” The Prophet read out each surah as it was at the time. When a surah was complete, he would read it out in its final form and his companions would learn it in that order.

Each year in Ramadan, the Angel Gabriel would come to the Prophet at night and both of them would read the Qur’an together. In the last year of the Prophet’s life, they read it in full twice, in its present order. Thus, the arrangement of the surahs is also part of the revelation. As for titles, these are taken from each surah, referring to an important issue it discusses. This may be in one verse or in a long passage. An example of the first type is Surah 10, Jonah, where the Prophet Jonah (peace be upon him)is mentioned in one verse. An example of the second type is Surah 2, where the Cow story is discussed in a long passage. Some surahs have more than one title, but one of these is inevitably better known, because it is the one mentioned in the printed copies of the Qur’an.




Allah (SWT) says in Al-Qu’ran, “Eat and drink (freely), but do not waste: verily, He does not love the wasteful!”  (7:31)

Some people who fast waste money on meals both at the beginning and the breaking of the fast in Ramadan.  They prepare food enough for a crowd of people consisting of numerous dishes.  Then, at the end of this, they only eat a little and throw the remainder into the refuse.  This is contrary to the great teachings of Islam.

There are other people who fill the stomach with delicious foods at “Sehri”, so that one does not feel hungry until “Iftaar”.  When opening their fast, they indulge in excessive eating and drinking. This however, defeats the purpose of fasting, one of which is to empty the stomach of all contaminated material by reducing the intake of food.

Many people spend their fasting hours sleeping.  As a result it seems as if they did not fast.  The wisdom of fasting is that the one who fasts should experience the pangs of hunger and savour thirst in order to gain the pleasure of Allah (SWT).

There are also people who make no effort to do good for themselves by giving charity.  They do not honour their tables by allowing others to break their fast with them.


As salamu alaykum.

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

In what remains of Ramadan, I ask that you make du’a for Allah to Guide my parents and sisters, who are not Muslim.

Jazakum Allahu khayran,



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