What Ethnicity was Muhammad?

He was musta’rab (Arabized non-Arab) mixed with Arab.
He was a member of the tribe of Quraish, who were the descendants of Ismaa’eel (Ishmael) and a woman from the Arab tribe of Jurhum.
Ismaa’eel (also spelled Ismail) was the son of Ibraaheem (Ibrahim-Abraham) and Hajr (Hagar).
Ibrahim was born in a house of idolaters in the ancient city of Ur, in the Mesopotamian plains of Babylonia (present-day Iraq). The language that was spoken at the time was Akkadian (Akkadian is now an extinct language.) [1]  The empire united all the indigenous Akkadian-speaking Semites and the Sumerian speakers for the first time under one rule.
Hajr was the daughter of Egyptian king and second wife of Abraham she was gifted to prophet Abraham from the king of Egypt. [2]
Bust of an Egyptian princess (Akhenaten:  Prophet of Monotheism? )
They had a son, Ismail/Ishmael, who was, obviously, half Semitic-Sumerian and half Egyptian.  The way that Arabs come into the picture is actually a very touching story, so I’ll relate some of it, from 1433 Umra :
He left with her and their son Ismaa’eel, and they journeyed and journeyed and journeyed on their riding animal through the desert, all the way south to Makka. You have to drive to Makka to appreciate this. It’s in the middle of a desert, not a sand desert, a volcanic field. There’s nothing there but cooled lava, i.e. a bunch of rocks. It is absolutely barren. Then, when they reached where Allaah had told them to reach, Ibraheem dismounted, left his wife and son- can you imagine how hard this would be?- remounted and started to ride away.
“Are you really going to leave me here?”
He says nothing.
“Are you really going to leave me here?”
No reply.
“Are you really going to leave me here?”
Silence. He doesn’t look back. His horse keeps walking.
“Did Allaah tell you to leave me here?”
“Yes.”
“Then we will be fine.”
Hajr, may Allaah have mercy on her, had nothing. She saw nothing. She heard nothing. There was nothing. Just a couple of rocky hills, in the middle of a lava field. But this woman had faith. She put her baby down and ran to the top of a hill to look around.
Nothing. Nothing but faith. She ran down that one, and up the other one. Nothing. Hungry (not that I-skipped-lunch-‘cause-I-was-busy feeling, REAL hunger). Thirst. And nothing. She ran back down and up again. Then back down and up again. Until she had run up those hills seven times.
Then she saw something. The angel Jibreel (a/k/a Gabriel), Allaah’s strong one. He dug with his heel in the ground, and water began to well out. In other narrations it was the writhing of the baby Ismaa’eel which opened this water source.
“Zam! Zam! (Stop! Stop!)” she commanded, fearing the spring of water would run itself onto the ground. She then dug a hole around it, so it would become a well. Had she left it, according to a narration attributed to Muhammad, it would be a river right now.
Hoopoe
Soon, the Hud-hud (hoopoe) a bird that flies around a source of water, started circling over their two heads. A tribe of Arabs- Jurhum- took note and followed. They were a noble people, so even thought they could have done away with Hajr and her son, they asked for permission to camp near the miraculous water source. Hajr, a young woman, mother of a suckling child, alone in a wasteland, was fearless. She gave them permission, but denied them any rights to ownership of the well.
The tribe stayed and taught Ismail Arabic (Arabized him).  Soon he married from among this tribe.  Thus began the tribe of Quraish, started by a Semitic-Sumerian prophet, and Egyptian princess, and the noblest of the Arabs.
(l) Yemenite Bronze, Kingdom of Sheba, 715 CE?; (r) modern Arab youth
Muhammad, may Allah’s peace and Blessings be upon him, was a member of Banu Hashim, a sub-tribe of Quraish.  As they were strict about intermarriage, it can be supposed that he was not a pure Arab (descendant of the tribes that originated in Yemen and later spread throughout the peninsula), but had much of the Semitic-Sumerian/Egyptian blood in his make up.
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