dreads

Jesus with Dreadlocks:  an illustrated guide to Christian and Islamic descriptions of the Messiah

The popular image of a West Asian (“European”) Jesus is the exact opposite of his description in Christian, and Islamic, sources.  So what did he look like?  How can we recognize him upon his return?

“It doesn’t matter what Jesus looked like.”

This is an automatic response whenever the discussion is about someone being dark-skinned or African.  Whenever that person is pale-skinned, the matter is taken at face value.  That is the author’s opinion, but since the evidence is only anecdotal, we will explore this claim of colorblind religion according to the sources.

That’s a very unChristian thing to say.  The authors of several books of the Old and New Testaments were very careful to describe the skin color and hair texture of Jesus (as will be presented below).  The founders of Christianity, who debated heatedly about which books to include in the Bible, chose to include these descriptions.  If Jesus’ skin color and hair texture didn’t matter in Christianity, the founders of the faith would have thrown these descriptions out.

It’s also a very unIslamic thing to say.  Prophet Muhammad (sA’a&s) carefully described Jesus’ skin color and hair texture to his companions.  These companions, in turn, were carefully recorded and related these statements.  In later centuries, entire sciences developed to check the authenticity of these narrations, and throughout, the skin color and hair of Jesus was deemed important and authentic enough to be kept in books.

Therefore, in Christianity and Islam, skin color and hair texture are important;  but why?

Both Christians and Muslims believe in the coming of a false messiah (Christianity:  Antichrist, Islam:  Maseeh adDajjaal), followed by the return of the true messiah.  In order for the believers to not be deceived, it is important to know what the real and false messiah look like.

He [Jesus] is a Sign of the [Final] Hour. Have no doubt about it. But follow me. This is a straight path. (Qur-an, Suratu zZukhruf (43):61)

If the reader has a further interest in Islamic and Christian eschatology, they can most quickly be compared in these two Wikipedia articles:

Jesus & False Messiah – Islam

Jesus & False Messiah – Christianity

According to Islamic tradition, every prophet and messenger warned his followers about the false messiah, sometimes by describing him.

Once Allah’s Apostle stood amongst the people, glorified and praised Allah as He deserved and then mentioned the Dajjal saying, “l warn you against him (i.e. the Dajjal) and there was no prophet but warned his nation against him. (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 553)

It is important to digress here long enough to illustrate how Islamic scholarship has a stance on Jewish and Christian scriptures and literature that tends towards acceptance.

The body of narrations originating from Judeo-Christian traditions, rather than from revealed books such as the Scrolls of Ibraaheem (Abraham), the Taura (Torah), Zabuur (Psalms) and Injeel (Gospel) are known as the Israa-eeliyaat in Islamic theology. They are mostly non-biblical explanatory stories and traditions (in Hebrew: midrashim) giving extra information or interpretation about events or individuals recorded in the Hebrew scriptures.

Muslims classify such narrations in three categories:

1) Those considered to be true because the Qur-aan or narrations of Muhammad confirm them.

2) Those considered to be false, because the Qur-aan or narrations of Muhammad reject them.

3) Those not known to be either true or false.

Therefore the Islamic position on Judeo-Christian narrations and what is left of the revealed books could be summed up with the following narrations of Prophet Muhammad:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr: The Prophet said, “Convey (my teachings) to the people even if it were a single sentence, and tell others the stories of People of Israel (which have been taught to you), for it is not sinful to do so. And whoever tells a lie on me intentionally, will surely take his place in the (Hell) Fire.” (Sahih Bukhari. Hadith 3202)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The people of the Scripture (Jews) used to recite the Torah in Hebrew and they used to explain it in Arabic to the Muslims. On that Allah’s Messenger said, “Do not believe the people of the Scripture or disbelieve them, but say: “We believe in Allah and what is revealed to us.” (Qur-aan 2.136) (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 4125)  (https://qahiri.wordpress.com/2012/02/17/black-prophets/)

As such, authentic Islamic and Christian source materials are more likely to agree than not to.

While, as the title indicates, the purpose of this paper is to prove the appearance of Jesus’ hair, it will be seen that particular attention must be paid to his skin color for the purposes of clarification.  There are two basic descriptions of the hair of Jesus:  either scanty and tightly-curled, or long.  All descriptions of his skin are either ambiguous or allude to a dark brown color.  Ambiguous descriptions have been omitted.  For example, the biblical verses describing his hair as “white like wool” or his feet “shining like bronze” are ambiguous as regards hair texture and skin color.

Jesus’ hair was short with tight curls

Bible

…and the hair of his head like pure wool… (Daniel 7.9)

Early Christian Historians

“At that time also there appeared a certain man of magic power … if it be meet to call him a man, [whose name is Jesus], whom [certain] Greeks call a son of [a] God, but his disciples [call] the true prophet who is supposed to have raised dead persons and to have cured all diseases. Both his nature and his form were human, for he was a man of simple appearance, mature age, black-skinned (melagchrous),… prognathous (lit. ‘with a long face [macroprosopos]), a long nose… with scanty & curly hair, but having a line in the middle of the head after the fashion of the Nazaraeans, with an undeveloped beard. (*Halōsis, ii.174).” (Flavius Josephus)[2]

Modern Bible Scholars

 “While most religious artists have put long hair on Christ, most biblical scholars believe that it was probably short with tight curls…” [3]

Islamic Prophetic Narrations

Jesus was a curly-haired man of moderate height. (Prophet Muhammad) [4]

Jesus hair was also long, and parted at the middle

Early Christian Historians

with scanty, curly* hair [1], but having a line in the middle of the head [2]

Islamic Prophetic Narrations

“I saw in my dream a man of brown color the best one can see amongst brown color and his hair was long that it fell between his shoulders. His hair was lank and water was dribbling from his head and he was placing his hands on the shoulders of two men while circumambulating the Kaba. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They replied, ‘This is Jesus, son of Mary.’” (Prophet Muhammad) [5]

No, By Allah, the Prophet did not tell that Jesus was of red complexion but said, “While I was asleep circumambulating the Ka’ba (in my dream), suddenly I saw a man of brown complexion and lank hair walking between two men, and water was dropping from his head. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ The people said, ‘He is the son of Mary.’ Then I looked behind and I saw a red-complexioned, fat, curly-haired man, blind in the right eye which looked like a bulging out grape. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They replied, ‘He is Ad-Dajjal.'[6]

* Note the juxtaposition of the Messiah and False Messiah, both important to Islamic and Christian eschatology.

Which kind of hair did he have:  Tightly-Curled or Long?

Indeed both.

How can the same man have both short, tightly-curled or wooly hair, and also long, lank hair?

The answer is that these are describing different stages of (“dread”)locked hair, specifically those of an African.

Wool & Locked Hair

Wool compares favorably in appearance to (“dread”)locks:

lockswoolwool 3

Scanty, Short, and Curly Hair & Short Locked Hair

Only the hair of Sub-Saharan (“black”) Africans, and others like Andamanese Islanders and aboriginal Southeast Asians (“Negritos”, Orang Asli) is (tightly) curled or ‘woolly’ when it is short.  It also appears scanty or thin because of the parting of the hair into small knots (also known as ‘peppercorn’ hair texture):

scanty 2 scanty

These compare favorably with early depictions of Jesus Christ:

One of the world’s earliest known images of Jesus. Engraving on blass plate, 4th Century AD, Spain

One of the world’s earliest known images of Jesus. Engraving on blass plate, 4th Century AD, Spain

black jesus 2 black jesus 3 black jesus 4

Long Hair that can be Scant & Tightly-Curled while Short

The locked hair of an African (or others with “Negroid”/“Africoid” features) is the only type of hair that can be both short and curly, and long hair.  Short locks are initially spread apart (‘scanty’) and tightly-curled, but after growing, their weight causes them to be long and limp (‘lanky’).

locks stages

Jesus was a Dreadlocked African(-Diasporan)

Thus, the seeming contradiction is solved:  Jesus was a (“dread”)locked African(-diasporan).  His hair was sparse and tightly curled when short, and long and lank once it had grown into locks.  These are descriptions of different stages of his locked hair.

African(-diasporan) males compare favorably with phenotypical features common to Christian and Islamic sources, and also with those unique to each:

Common to both:

  • Brown skin
  • Woolly hair
  • Hair that is tightly curled when short
  • Hair that can be parted in the middle when long

Christian only:

  • Prognathous (having a projecting lower jaw or chin- common among many Sub-Saharan Africans)
  • An undeveloped beard (Many Sub-Saharan Africans do not grow full beards)

Islamic only

  • Shoulder-length air that can drip lots of water

black jesus 6 black jesus 8 black jesus 9

Lastly, the peculiar Islamic description of copious water drops will be addressed in brief.  This can’t be a description of long hair of thin strands, because that hair lays flat when wet, and droplet dribble down the back of the person, but could only drop from his or her head if they shook it violently.

Wet Asiatic Hair

Wet Asiatic Hair

Locks on the other hand, absorb copious amounts of water, and can drip visible droplets for quite some time.

Wet Locked Hair

Wet Locked Hair

Conclusion

Christians and Muslims awaiting Jesus’ return are waiting for an African man with dreadlocks.  The popular depictions of a West Asian (“European”) Christ are images based on local subjects, rather than textual or biblical reference.  They are baseless- and in light of the expected end times events- dangerous.

For the reader who is not an adherent of Christianity or Islam, it is clear that both religion’s literary sources agree that Jesus was a member of an ancient Sub-Saharan African (“Negroid”, “Africoid”) diaspora.

Notes:

[1] As Eisler, Messiah Jesus, 421 points out, there are two alternatives in the manuscript tradition: ολιγόθριξ “scanty”  and ουλόθριξ “curly.”  Retrieved 2.5.2015 from http://blackarabia.blogspot.com/2011/09/jesus-black-prophet-and-ancient-black.html

[2] Robert Eisler, The Messiah Jesus and John the Baptist: According to Flavius Josephus’ recently rediscovered ‘Capture of Jerusalem’ and the other Jewish and Christian sources (London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1931).  From Muhammad, Wesley. “God’s Black Prophets: Deconstructing the Myth of the White Muhammad of Arabia and Jesus of Jerusalem”. Retrieved 2.5.2015 from http://blackarabia.blogspot.com/2011/09/jesus-black-prophet-and-ancient-black.html

In 1931 Austrian Jewish Biblical scholar and art historian Robert Eisler published a classic in Josephus scholarship, his The Messiah Jesus and John the Baptist: According to Flavius Josephus’ recently rediscovered ‘Capture of Jerusalem’ and the other Jewish and Christian sources. Through a meticulous analysis of extant manuscripts, Eisler endeavored to restore the original reading of a first century text that discusses John the Baptist, Jesus and the early Christians. This first century source is the Halosis or “Capture (of Jerusalem)” of Josephus (37-100 CE). Originally written in Aramaic, a Greek rewriting was published around 72 CE. This is an important text for the discussion of Christian origins, particularly given the section therein treating “the human form of Jesus and his wonderful works.”  Josephus, the first century Jewish historian, is believed to have had access to official Roman records on which he based his history of the early ‘Jesus movement.’ He is thus a singularly contemporary witness.

While there was immediate scholarly backlash to Eisler’s conclusions (e.g. J.W. Jack, The Historic Christ [London: James Clarke & Co, 1933]) and most scholarship today refuses to concede his point, some scholars have taken another look at the issue and affirmed its basic correctness. See e.g. Arthur E. Palumbo, The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Personages of Earliest Christianity (New York: Algora Publishing, 2004) who concludes: “It is likely that Eisler’s restoration of the Slavonic passage about Jesus does correspond as close as can be expected to what Josephus actually wrote and to what was recorded in the actual official Jewish and Roman documents. (230)”  From Muhammad, Wesley. “God’s Black Prophets: Deconstructing the Myth of the White Muhammad of Arabia and Jesus of Jerusalem”. Retrieved 2.5.2015 from http://blackarabia.blogspot.com/2011/09/jesus-black-prophet-and-ancient-black.html

[3] Mike Fillon, “The Real Face of Jesus: Advances in forensic science reveal the most famous face in history,” Popular Mechanics (December 2002): 70, 71, from Muhammad, Wesley. “God’s Black Prophets: Deconstructing the Myth of the White Muhammad of Arabia and Jesus of Jerusalem”. Retrieved 2.5.2015 from http://blackarabia.blogspot.com/2011/09/jesus-black-prophet-and-ancient-black.html

[4] Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 608

Retrieved 2.5.2015 from http://haditsbukharionline.blogspot.com/2010/11/prophets.html

http://sunnah.com/bukhari/60(Arabic & English Texts)

[5]Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 649

Retrieved 2.5.2015 from  http://haditsbukharionline.blogspot.com/2010/11/prophets.html

http://sunnah.com/bukhari/60(Arabic & English Texts)

[6] Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 650.

Retrieved 2.5.2015 from http://haditsbukharionline.blogspot.com/2010/11/prophets.html

http://sunnah.com/bukhari/60(Arabic & English Texts)

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Scramble for Africa 2.0- The Chessboard: EVERY conflict explained in ONE article!

taj-akoben:

This article describes the scramble between Israel, Europe, America, Iran, China & even Africans for resources, markets, shipping lanes and land.
*Banks vs. Libya, Somalia and Sudan: Why China got kicked out of Libya
*Persians/Arabized Africans vs. US/NATO in Nigeria/West Africa: Why US/UK are “bringing back our girls
*Iran/Sudan vs. Israel in South Sudan/East Africa: Why Israeli forces came to Kenya mall attack
*ran/Sudan vs. France in CAR: Why France is “helping” its old colony
*Sudan/Lord’s Resistance Army vs. South Sudan & Uganda: Kony is the new bin Laden
*Arabized Africans vs. East Africans over the Nile
*Ethiopia/Kenya in Horn of Africa
*US in Horn of Africa & Nearby Sea Lanes: Jesus has a plan for al-Shabab
*Corporate Interests in the Congo: Why EVERYbody’s in the Congo

Originally posted on scramble4africa:

This article describes the scramble between Israel, Europe, America, Iran, China & even Africans for resources, markets, shipping lanes and land.

chessboard 6

Banks vs. Libya, Somalia and Sudan:  Why China got kicked out of Libya

mena

Later, the same general said they planned to take out seven countries in five years: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Iran.

What do these seven countries have in common? In the context of banking, one that sticks out is that none of them is listed among the 56 member banks of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). That evidently puts them outside the long regulatory arm of the central bankers’ central bank in Switzerland.

 chessboard 2

According to a Russian article titled “Bombing of Libya – Punishment for Ghaddafi for His Attempt to Refuse US Dollar”, Gaddafi made a similarly bold move: he initiated a movement to refuse the dollar and the euro, and called on…

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HIDDEN HISTORY: How White Slavery Helped Shape the Modern Arab

taj-akoben:

“Learn your lineages…” -Prophet Muhammad (s)

“Every king springs from a race of slaves, and every slave had kings among his ancestors.” -Plato

It is reported that the Prophet Mohamed (pbuh) said, (In a dream) I saw myself following a herd of black sheep. Then a group of white sheep came (and mixed with the black sheep) until they (the white sheep) became so many that the black sheep could no longer be seen in the herd of sheep.” Abu Bakr, the companion of the Prophet (pbuh) and the interpreter of dreams, said, “Oh Messenger of Allah. As for the black sheep, they are the Arabs. They will accept Islam and become many. The white sheep are the non-Arab Persians, etc. They will accept Islam and become so many that the Arabs will not be noticed amongst them.” The Prophet Mohamed (pbuh) then said that an angel had interpreted the dream the same way.

Originally posted on knowledge of self:

“Learn your lineages…” -Prophet Muhammad (s)

“Every king springs from a race of slaves, and every slave had kings among his ancestors.” -Plato

It is reported that the Prophet Mohamed (pbuh) said, (In a dream) I saw myself following a herd of black sheep. Then a group of white sheep came (and mixed with the black sheep) until they (the white sheep) became so many that the black sheep could no longer be seen in the herd of sheep.” Abu Bakr, the companion of the Prophet (pbuh) and the interpreter of dreams, said, “Oh Messenger of Allah. As for the black sheep, they are the Arabs. They will accept Islam and become many. The white sheep are the non-Arab Persians, etc. They will accept Islam and become so many that the Arabs will not be noticed amongst them.” The Prophet Mohamed (pbuh) then said that an angel had interpreted the…

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Refuting Racism in Early Islamic Civilization

taj-akoben:

This is the full text of a book called “The Pride of the Blacks over the Whites” written in the second century of Islamic civilization to defend dark-skinned Arabs and Africans from the prejudices of the lighter-skinned Arabized Persians, Slavs and Turks living in Iraq. YOU NEED TO READ THIS.

Originally posted on knowledge of self:

This is the full text of a book called “The Pride of the Blacks over the Whites” written in the second century of Islamic civilization to defend dark-skinned Arabs and Africans from the prejudices of the lighter-skinned Arabized Persians, Slavs and Turks living in Iraq.  

al-Jāḥiẓ was an Arabic prose writer and author of works of literature, theology, and politico-religious polemics. Born: 776 AD, Basra, Iraq. Died: 868 AD, Basra, Iraq.

In the name of the Almighty, Merciful God ;
May God protect and keep you; let He make you obey Him and make you part of his favorites.
You mentioned – may Allah protect you from deception – that you read my treatise (kitab) on the refutation of the pure Arabs to those of mixed parentage, the replies of the mixed ones and the answers of their maternal uncles. But I did not mention in it anything about the…

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Beards Keep You Young, Healthy & Handsome, Says Science

taj-akoben:

Beards block 90 to 95 percent of UV rays, thereby slowing the aging process and reducing the risk of skin cancer. Got asthma? Pollens and dust simply get stuck in that lustrous facial hair. Additionally, all that hair retains moisture and protects against the wind, keeping you looking young and fresh-faced. What’s more, shaving is usually the cause of ingrown hairs and bacterial infections that lead to acne.

Originally posted on knowledge of self:

Gentlemen, they’re not just for hipsters and the homeless any more. While both dead sexy and totally awesome, beards are also a boon to your overall health. Researchers discovered that men with beards and moustaches actually enjoy numerous benefits including, but not limited to, instant handsomeness.

A study from the University of Southern Queensland, published in the Radiation Protection Dosimetry journal, found that beards block 90 to 95 percent of UV rays, thereby slowing the aging process and reducing the risk of skin cancer. Got asthma? Pollens and dust simply get stuck in that lustrous facial hair. Additionally, all that hair retains moisture and protects against the wind, keeping you looking young and fresh-faced. What’s more, shaving is usually the cause of ingrown hairs and bacterial infections that lead to acne.

Have you tossed your razor in the trash yet?

To conduct the study, researchers left bearded mannequins, along with less attractive…

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mlk rare

The Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. They Don’t Want You To Know

Many people think they know Dr. King but they only know what the media wants you to know about him.

WARNING: THIS INFORMATION MAY BE OUTSIDE THE CIRCUMFERENCE OF YOUR AWARENESS BUT JUST BECAUSE YOU HAVE NEVER HEARD IT BEFORE DOESN’T MEAN THAT IT ISN’T TRUE! DON’T TAKE OUR WORD FOR THIS. DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH!!!

Click HERE to Listen.

New Culture Podcasts with African History Ntwk on BlogTalkRadio
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Your God is Black: 5 Gods Whitewashed in Recent History

taj-akoben:

Whether Hindu, Christian or Buddhist, Krishna, Mary or Lord Buddha, your god and savior, originally, was Black. (Sorry, Megyn!)

Originally posted on knowledge of self:

Whether Hindu, Christian or Buddhist, Krishna, Mary or Lord Buddha, your god and savior, originally, was Black.  (Sorry, Megyn!)

1.  Krishna (Hinduism, Vedic Religions)

The Brahma Samhita is a Sanskrit Pancaratra text composed of verses of prayer spoken by Brahma glorifying the supreme Lord Krishna or Govinda at the beginning of creation.

The lyrics, chapter 5 verse 38 reads: “I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord, who plays on His transcendental flute. His eyes are like lotus flowers, He is decorated with peacock plumes, and His bodily color resembles the color of a fresh black cloud, although His bodily features are more beautiful than millions of Cupids.”

Chapter 6, verses 1-2 reads: “The Lord was dressed in yellow garments and had a blackish complexion.”

The Sanskrit word “Krishna” has the literal meaning “black,”  ”dark” or  ”dark-blue.” Krishna is also called “Śyāma,” the blackish one, or the beautiful dark boy with a…

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